Interesting, this shows the probably of a child’s eye color based on the eye color of its parents!
For more obscure eye colors….
About 2% of the world has Green eyes.
Amber is a bit more rare, having a yellow-gold tint, with copper/russet undertones. (Sunlight through a glass of whiskey, you know who I’m talking about) (Actually, he has Hazel eyes, but occasionally gets terrific lighting that makes it look amber) Light brown eyes are often mistaken for Amber, but there is a difference - The yellow and orange is far more distinct in Amber eyes.
Violet/Purple eyes are the third rarest. Having Occular Albinism is far more common than full Albinism.
It actually results in super pale blue eyes, but the red blood in their iris will often show through, resulting in a pale purple tone.
It comes with a host of eye-related disorders and sensitivities. (Mostly because there is no pigmentation in the iris, therefore your pupil dilating or shrinking has very little effect on how much light actually enters the eye - Eye damage occurs very easily, and the optic nerve has a harder time developing)
Black eyes are second-most rare, occurring from a Super-melanistic genetic trait similar to Albinism, but on the opposite scale. Many people say that true black eyes do not exist. They argue that black eye color is rather very dark brown color, so dark that it appears black.
Full Albinism resulting in red eyes is the most rare.
Just curious, what about grey eyes? Because one of my friends has grey eyes and I’m not kidding in the slightest.
Gray eyes are the same as blue, genetically speaking.
One theory is that in gray eyes, there are larger deposits of collagen in the stroma, resulting in Mie scattering rather than Rayleigh scattering (which is basically the difference between seeing a blue sky and a gray sky, for an analogy).
The other explanation is that there might be different concentrations of melanin at the front of the stroma.
Supermodel Karlie Kloss was photoshopped to look less thin for a Numero campaign. There are so many things wrong with this. Models are forced to be incredibly thin to fit a certain aesthetic, but when they do, they’re so emaciated that they have to be photoshopped to not look sick.
Robin Hardy, a former creative director at Vogue, has commented on the practice of photoshopping to cover up the aesthetic and health costs of extreme thinness:
“At the time, when we pored over the raw images, creating the appearance of smooth flesh over protruding ribs, softening the look of collarbones that stuck out like coat hangers, adding curves to flat bottoms and cleavage to pigeon chests, we felt we were doing the right thing…
But now, I wonder. Because for all our retouching, it was still clear to the reader that these women were very, very thin. But, hey, they still looked great!
They had 22-inch waists (those were never made bigger), but they also had breasts and great skin. They had teeny tiny ankles and thin thighs, but they still had luscious hair and full cheeks.
Thanks to retouching, our readers… never saw the horrible, hungry downside of skinny. That these underweight girls didn’t look glamorous in the flesh. Their skeletal bodies, dull, thinning hair, spots and dark circles under their eyes were magicked away by technology, leaving only the allure of coltish limbs and Bambi eyes.”
Ahh I never new this got so much attention! Yay! This kind of thing getting awareness makes me so much happier than that other picture…
I’ve never heard of this before, but this is SO INCREDIBLY telling. We all know of models being photoshopped to look thinner, but in reality some of these people are so thin to the point of unhealthiness that people in power, not wanting to show the public what has been done to these models, purposely reverse-photoshop them to look healthier, because God forbid we be forced to come to terms with the overwhelming pressure we put on women to be thin.
Just….wow. Can’t even handle this right now.
^From my personal blog, hopefully that made some sense and didn’t come across as problematic.
REMINESCENCE | Sasha Marini andAurelien Muller by Brice Hardelin for Vangardist November 2013
(1) Zara suit, shirt and tie Smalto (2) Smalto, scarf Zara
(3) vest Smalto, Zara scarf (4) Smalto, necklace Zara
indian-like accessories Laden
oh my gosh love!!! AHH so cool
I took a stab at fixing this older post. I’ve never really done this before so I hope it works.
I know I’m fixating, but I really REALLY love it when people get rid of the ridiculously high heels on fixes. It’s such a small thing, and I love it.
Remember Emily Graslie’s video about gender bias and sexism in science/STEM fields?
Well, thanks to the awesomeness of social media and her influence in the world o’ science communication/education, that video has made quite a buzz. Read on for an update from The Brain Scooper herself…
"If you haven’t heard from me in the last few days, it’s because I’ve been inundated with interviews and media requests, phone calls and messages, book offers, broadcast television show proposals, TV appearances, tour circuit and lecture series offers. Someone even asked if I would write an endorsement for their children’s nature book. And, don’t get all nutty on me because I haven’t agreed to anything (yet [maybe]).
This has all come as a surprise for a few reasons: one, I had no idea this video would resonate so strongly with not just women, but men, parents, teachers, business people and CEOs and journalists.
Two, I am hugely surprised that everyone is acting as though this is news. My video wasn’t revealing anything ground breaking, previously unspoken, or unknown. The Internet has dealt with its anonymous critics since the beginning, people in the public eye will always be widely scrutinized, and women have had their appearance come before their accomplishments before.
But what I am the most surprised about is that the majority agrees with me on this one: that negative online communities are detrimental, and also that these things can improve and get better for content creators of all kinds. That if enough people speak up in favor of fostering encouraging environments online, it will happen. You see this environment in the comment section of PBS Idea Channel, an educational series known for their delightfully constructive community. You see this in the Nerdfighter community. Why not for other educational channels?
The reception of that video far exceeded any expectations I had, and I take it as an indication that we are all working together towards positive change. Thank you, all of you.”
Interviews Emily was featured in…
photo by Tim Melling
This rare antelope (Nyala angasii) has a highly restricted global range, being found only in the high mountain forested grasslands of Ethiopia at 2000-4000m. They were the last of the great antelope species to be described new to science in 1910, and the global population (listed as endangered by IUCN) is probably fewer than 2500 mature individuals. They spent a lot of time shading under trees in the heat of the day, but are more active mornings and evenings. They were also incredibly variable in colouration and pattern. I thought that this was a particularly beautifully marked individual.
NASA’s Cassini spacecraft has obtained the highest-resolution movie yet of a unique six-sided jet stream, known as the hexagon, around Saturn’s north pole.
This is the first hexagon movie of its kind, using color filters, and the first to show a complete view of the top of Saturn down to about 70 degrees latitude. Spanning about 20,000 miles (30,000 kilometers) across, the hexagon is a wavy jet stream of 200-mile-per-hour winds (about 322 kilometers per hour) with a massive, rotating storm at the center. There is no weather feature exactly, consistently like this anywhere else in the solar system.
"The hexagon is just a current of air, and weather features out there that share similarities to this are notoriously turbulent and unstable," said Andrew Ingersoll, a Cassini imaging team member at the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena. "A hurricane on Earth typically lasts a week, but this has been here for decades — and who knows — maybe centuries."
Weather patterns on Earth are interrupted when they encounter friction from landforms or ice caps. Scientists suspect the stability of the hexagon has something to do with the lack of solid landforms on Saturn, which is essentially a giant ball of gas.
Better views of the hexagon are available now because the sun began to illuminate its interior in late 2012. Cassini captured images of the hexagon over a 10-hour time span with high-resolution cameras, giving scientists a good look at the motion of cloud structures within.
They saw the storm around the pole, as well as small vortices rotating in the opposite direction of the hexagon. Some of the vortices are swept along with the jet stream as if on a racetrack. The largest of these vortices spans about 2,200 miles (3,500 kilometers), or about twice the size of the largest hurricane recorded on Earth.
Scientists analyzed these images in false color, a rendering method that makes it easier to distinguish differences among the types of particles suspended in the atmosphere — relatively small particles that make up haze — inside and outside the hexagon.
Saturn’s hexagon is a persisting six sided cloud pattern around the north pole of the planet. It is created by a band of upper-atmospheric winds, and the sides of it are about 13,800 km (8,600 mi) long, which is longer than the Earth’s diameter. There’s a hurricane swirling within the hexagon.
(Images by the Cassini spacecraft)
Why the Platypus Will Never Have a Stomach
by Charles Q. Choi
Bizarrely, many species of animals, such as the carp and platypus, lost their stomachs in the evolutionary past, and new research suggests they may never evolve the organs back.
The stomach is the part of the gut where the main part of digestion takes place. Glands in this organ secrete enzymes known as pepsins, which break down proteins, and strong acids that soften food and help the enzymes work. The glands first appeared about 450 million years ago, and they represent an evolutionary innovation found exclusively in jawed creatures with backbones.
Surprisingly, the gastric glands that define the stomach are missing in a number of jawed vertebrates. In 1805, the French zoologist Georges Cuvier discovered that many teleosts, or the largest living group of fish, such as the carp family, lack stomachs. The past 200 years of research suggests that up to 27 percent, speaking conservatively, of all teleost species may lack stomachs. Primitive bony fish such as lungfish and some cartilaginous fish such as chimeras lost the organs as well…
(Read more: Live Science)
photos: Stephan Kraft; Gotehal; NOAA